|Source: Ancestry. England, Alien Arrivals, image 541 of 847.|
|Source: Schwarzlose book on FamilySearch|
According to the Schwarzlose book, John William Sr signed a declaration to become a US citizen on 4 December 1865 and received his citizenship on 7 September 1868. "When he became a citizen, his wife and first son, John William Jr, automatically became citizens."
"John William Sr. was a farmer. He was known as William or William Sr., and his wife as Mary. During the first few years he probably worked for other farmers, and/or rented or leased farm land, since the first record of his having bought land was 1 July 1864. He bought 40 acres for $250 'in hand paid' in Section 20, the next section southeast of West Salem. From that time until 1890 he and his wife bought 235 acres plus several lots in West Salem. The largest purchase was 100 acres for $2500 in February 1873. All, except one purchase, were paid in cash. The exception was one parcel bought through a mortgage. John William is shown on most of the deeds as William Schwarlose but some show William Sr. Some deeds were signed William but some were signed Wilhelm."
"John William Sr. and Maria Elizabeth spoke German throughout their lives. The deeds show that John William Sr. could write, but Maria Elizabeth could not. She signed the deeds with her mark - X. Their children all spoke German. Some of the grandchildren knew some German. John William Sr. did not participate in the Civil War."